加拿大28预测

[传统文化·节日]腊八节

欧阳永志 综合整理 2014年01月08日 报道 浏览次数:

       

       

 

  LABAJIE,SUCHENG“LABA”,HANZUCHUANTONGJIERI,MINJIANLIUCHUANZHECHI“LABAZHOU”,PAOLABASUAN(YOUDEDIFANGSHI“LABAFAN”)DEFENGSU。ZAIHENANDENGDI,LABAZHOUYOUCHENG“DAJIAFAN”,SHIJINIANMINZUYINGXIONGYUEFEIDEYIZHONGJIERISHISU。

加拿大28预测  LABASHIGUDAIHUANQINGFENGSHOU、GANXIEZUXIANHESHENLING(BAOKUOMENSHEN、HUSHEN、ZHAISHEN、ZAOSHEN、JINGSHEN)DEJISIYISHI,XIADAICHENGLARIWEI“JIAPING”,SHANGDAIWEI“QINGSI”,ZHOUDAIWEI“DALA”;YINZAISHIERYUEJUXING,GUCHENGGAIYUEWEILAYUE,CHENGLAJIZHEIYITIANWEILARI。XIANQINDELARIZAIDONGZHIHOUDEDISANGEXURI。LABAJIESHIYONGLAIJISIZUXIANHESHENLING,QIQIUFENGSHOUHEJIXIANGDEJIERI,HOULAIDONGHANFOJIAOCHUANRU,WEILEKUODAZAIBENTUDEYINGXIANGLIZHUFUHUICHUANTONGWENHUABALABAJIEDINGWEIFOCHENGDAORI。

  起源

  “LA”DEHANYIYOUSAN:YIYUE“LAZHE,JIEYE”,YUYOUXINJIUJIAOTIDEYISI(《SUISHU·LIYIZHI》JIZAI);ERYUE“LAZHETONGLIE”,ZHITIANLIEHUOQUQINSHOUHAOJIZUJISHEN,“LA”CONG“ROU”PANG,JIUSHIYONGROU“DONGJI”;SANYUE“LAZHE,ZHUYIYINGCHUN”。LABAJIEYINLARIERLAI,SHINONGLILAYUEZUIZHONGDADEJIERI,RIQIWEILAYUECHUBA,GUDAICHENGWEI“LARI”,SUCHENG“LABAJIE”。

  LABAJIEYOUCHENGLARIJI、LABAJI、WANGHOULA,YUANLAIGUDAIHUANQINGFENGSHOU、GANXIEZUXIANHESHENLING(BAOKUOMENSHEN、HUSHEN、ZHAISHEN、ZAOSHEN、JINGSHEN)DEJISIYISHI,CHUJIZUJINGSHENDEHUODONGWAI,WUSHUHUODONGDELAYUEJIGUQUYIZHISUZAIHUNANXINHUADENGDIQURENGYOULIUCUN。 HOUYANHUACHENGJINIANFOZUSHIJIAMOUNICHENGDAODEZONGJIAOJIERI。XIADAICHENGLARIWEI“JIAPING”,SHANGDAIWEI“QINGSI”,ZHOUDAIWEI“DALA”;YINZAISHIERYUEJUXING,GUCHENGGAIYUEWEILAYUE,CHENGLAJIZHEIYITIANWEILARI。XIANQINDELARIZAIDONGZHIHOUDEDISANGEXURI,NANBEICHAOKAISHICAIGUDINGZAILAYUECHUBA。《SHUOWEN》ZAI:“DONGZHIHOUSANXURILAJIBAISHEN。”KEJIAN,DONGZHIHOUDISANGEXURICENGSHILARI。HOUYOUYUFOJIAOJIERU,LARIGAIZAISHIERYUECHUBA,ZICIXIANGYANCHENGSU。

  习俗

  祭祀

  YINGSHAO《FENGSUTONG》YUN:“《LICHUAN》:LAZHE,LIEYE,YANTIANLIEQUQINSHOU,YIJISIQIZUYE。HUOYUE:LAZHE,JIEYE,XINGUJIAOJIE,GUDAJIYIBAOGONGYE。”QIQIYUANSHENZAO,《LIJI·JIAOTESHENG》JIZAI:“YIQISHISHIWEILA。LAYEZHE,SUOYE,SUISHIERYUE,HEJUWANWUERSUOXIANGZHIYE。”《SHIJI·BUSANHUANGBENJI》YESHUO:“YANDISHENNONGSHIYIQICHUWEITIANSHI,GUWEILAJI,YIBAOTIANDI”。XIADAICHENGLARIJIWEI“JIAPING”, YINYUE“QINGSI”,ZHOUYUE“DALA”,HANDAIGAIWEI“LA”。

加拿大28预测  JISIDEDUIXIANGFANBA:XIANSESHENSHENNONG、SISESHENHOUJI、NONGSHENTIANGUANZHISHEN、YOUBIAOQISHENSHICHUANGTIANJIANLUSHE、KAILU、HUAJIANGJIEZHIREN、MAOHUSHEN、FANGSHENDIFANG、SHUIYONGSHENSHUIGOU、KUNCHONGSHEN。XIANQINDELAJIRIZAIDONGZHIHOUDISANGEXURI,NANBEICHAOYIHOUZHUJIANGUDINGZAILAYUECHUBA。DAOLETANGSONG,CIJIEYOUBEIMENGSHANGSHENFOSECAI。XIANGCHUANSHIJIAMOUNICHENGFOZHIQIAN,JUEYUKUXING,EHUNDAODI。YIMUYANGNVYIZALIANGCHANYIYEGUO,YONGQINGQUANZHUZHOUJIANGQIJIUXING。SHIJIAMOUNIZAIPUTISHUXIAKUSI,ZHONGZAISHIERYUEBARIDEDAOCHENGFO。CONGCIFOMENDINGCIRIWEI“FOCHENGDAORI”,SONGJINGJINIAN,XIANGYANCHENGJIE。DAOLEMINGQING,JINGSHENGONGFOGENGSHIQUDAIJISIZULING、HUANQINGFENGSHOUHEQUYIRANGZAI,ERCHENGWEILABAJIEDEZHUXUANLV。QIJIESUZHUYAOSHIAOZHU、ZENGSONG、PINCHANGLABAZHOU,BINGJUXINGQINGFENGJIASHI。TONGSHIXUDUORENJIAZICILAKAICHUNJIEDEXUMU,MANGYUSHANIANZHU、DADOUFU、JIAOZHIFENGYULAROU,CAIGOUNIANHUO,“NIAN”DEQIFENZHUJIANNONGHOU。

  腊八粥

  腊八粥也叫“七宝五味粥”。我国喝腊八粥的历史,已有一千多年。最早开始于宋代。每逢腊八这一天,不论是朝廷、官府、寺院还是黎民百姓家都要做腊八粥。到了清朝,喝腊八粥的风俗更是盛行。在宫廷,皇帝、皇后、皇子等都要向文武大臣、侍从宫女赐腊八粥,并向各个寺院发放米、果等供僧侣食用。在民间,家家户户也要做腊八粥,祭祀祖先;同时,合家团聚在一起食用,馈赠亲朋好友。中国各地腊八粥的花样,争奇竞巧,品种繁多。其中以北平的最为讲究,搀在白米中的物品较多,如红枣、莲子、核桃、栗子、杏仁、松仁、桂圆、榛子、葡萄、白果、菱角、青丝、玫瑰、红豆、花生……总计不下二十种。腊八粥熬好之后,要先敬神祭祖。之后要赠送亲友,一定要在中午之前送出去。最后才是全家人食用。吃剩的腊八粥,保存着吃了几天还有剩下来的,却是好兆头,取其“有余”的意义。

  LABAZHOUZAIMINJIANHAIYOUWUSHUDEZUOYONG。JIARUYUANZILIZHONGZHEHUAHUIHEGUOSHU,YEYAOZAIZHIGANSHANGTUMOYIXIELABAZHOU,XIANGXINLAINIANDUOJIEGUOSHI。

  腊八蒜

加拿大28预测  PAOLABASUANSHIBEIFANG,YOUQISHIHUABEIDIQUDEYIGEXISU。GUMINGSIYI,JIUSHIZAIYINLILAYUECHUBADEZHEITIANLAIPAOZHISUAN。QISHICAILIAOFEICHANGJIANDAN,JIUSHICUHEDASUANBANER。ZUOFAYESHIJIQIJIANDAN,JIANGBOLEPIDESUANBANERFANGDAOYIGEKEYIMIFENGDEGUANZI,PINGZIZHILEIDERONGQILIMIAN,RANHOUDAORUCU,FENGSHANGKOUFANGDAOYIGELENGDEDIFANG。MANMANDI,PAOZAICUZHONGDESUANJIUHUIBIANLV,ZUIHOUHUIBIANDETONGTIBILVDE,RUTONGFEICUIBIYU。

  吃冰

  LABAQIANYITIAN,RENMENYIBANYONGGANGPENYAOSHUIJIEBING,DENGDAOLELABAJIEJIUTUOPENBINGBINGBABINGQIAOCHENGSUIKUAI。JUSHUOZHEITIANDEBINGHENSHENQI,CHILETAZAIYIHOUYINIANBUHUIDUZITENG。

  腊八豆腐

  “LABADOUFU”SHIANHUIQIANXIANMINJIANFENGWEITECHAN,ZAICHUNJIEQIANXIDELABA,JINONGLISHIERYUECHUBAQIANHOU,QIANXIANJIAJIAHUHUDOUYAOSHAIZHIDOUFU,MINJIANJIANGZHEIZHONGZIRANSHAIZHIDEDOUFUCHENGZUO“LABADOUFU”。

  腊八面

  WOGUOBEIFANGYIXIEBUCHANHUOSHAOCHANDAMIDEDIFANG,RENMENBUCHILABAZHOU,ERSHICHILABAMIAN。GETIANYONGGEZHONGGUO、SHUZUOCHENGSAOZI,BAMIANTIAOGANHAO,DAOLAYUECHUBAZAOCHENQUANJIACHILABAMIAN。

  民间传说

  佛祖修行

  FOJIAODECHUANGSHIZHESHIJIAMOUNIBENSHIGUYINDUBEIBUJIAPILUOWEIGUO(JINNIBOERJINGNEI)JINGFANWANGDEERZI,TAJIANZHONGSHENGSHOUSHENGLAOBINGSIDENGTONGKUZHEMO,YOUBUMANDANGSHIPOLUOMENDESHENQUANTONGZHI,SHEQIWANGWEI,CHUJIAXIUDAO。CHUWUSHOUHUO,HOUJINGLIUNIANKUXING,YULAYUEBARI,ZAIPUTISHUXIAWUDAOCHENGFO。ZAIZHEILIUNIANKUXINGZHONG,MEIRIJINSHIYIMAYIMI。HOURENBUWANGTASUOSHOUDEKUNAN,YUMEINIANLAYUECHUBACHIZHOUYIZUOJINIAN。“LABA”JIUCHENGLE“FOZUCHENGDAOJINIANRI”。

  朱元璋受难

  MINGTAIZUZHUYUANZHANGXIAOSHIHOUJIALIHENQIONG,BIANJIYIJIACAIZHUFANGNIU。YOUYITIANFANGNIUGUILAISHIGUOYIDUMUQIAO,NIUYIHUADIEXIALEQIAO,JIANGTUIDIEDUAN。LAOCAIZHUQIJIBAIHUAI,BIANBATAGUANJINYIJIANFANGZILIBUJIFANCHI。ZHUYUANZHANGEDEGOUQIANG,HURANFAXIANWULIYOUYISHUDONG,BAKAIYIKAN,YUANLAISHILAOSHUDEYIGELIANGCANG,LIMIANYOUMI、YOUDOU,HAIYOUHONGZAO。TABAZHEIXIEDONGXIHEZAIYIQIZHULEYIGUOZHOU,CHIQILAISHIFENXIANGTIANKEKOU。HOULAIZHUYUANZHANGDANGLEHUANGDI,YOUXIANGQILEZHEIJIANSHIER,BIANJIAOYUCHUAOLEYIGUOGEZHONGLIANGDOUHUNZAIYIQIDEZHOU。CHIDEZHEIYITIANZHENGHAOSHILAYUECHUBA,YINCIJIUJIAOLABAZHOU。

  赤豆打鬼

  腊八节来自“赤豆打鬼”的风俗。传说上古五帝之一的颛顼氏,三个儿子死后变成恶鬼,专门出来惊吓孩子。古代人们普遍相信迷信,害怕鬼神,认为大人小孩中风得病、身体不好都是由于疫鬼作祟。这些恶鬼天不怕地不怕,单怕赤()豆,故有“赤豆打鬼”的说法。所以,在腊月初八这一天以红小豆、赤小豆熬粥,以祛疫迎祥。

 

责任编辑:欧阳永志
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标签:传统文化 腊八 节日
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